Frequently Asked Questions
- How do I arrange a tour of HARC?
- I would like to know if agroforestry is right for my farm. How do I go about finding out?
- Can you help me get started practicing agroforestry on a woody area on my farm?
- Can I buy seedlings or cultivars at HARC?
- Where can I buy seedlings or cultivars of the species recommended in agroforestry practices?
- How far apart should the trees be in alley cropping?
- How long does it take for Chinese chestnut trees to begin bearing commercial quantities of nuts?
- "Iíve heard pine straw might be a good mulch for me to use in my spring landscaping ... can you tell me more about it?"
- Will chestnuts grow in your area?
- How do I tell the difference between a chestnut and a buckeye?
- How do I create an irrigation system for my chestnut orchard?
- What are chestnut weevils and how do I keep them out of my chestnuts?
- How do I construct a fence to keep deer out of my chestnut orchard?
- Where can I buy Missouri-grown chestnuts?
How do I arrange a tour of HARC?
You can learn more about HARC by visiting their website: http://aes.missouri.edu/harc/
I would like to know if agroforestry is right for my farm. How do I go about finding out?
Can you help me get started practicing agroforestry on a woody area on my farm?
Contact Dusty Walter, UMCA Outreach Specialist/Research Specialist, at firstname.lastname@example.org or 573-884-7991.
Can I buy seedlings or cultivars at HARC?
However, as a general rule HARC does not sell any products in the commercial marketplace (including seedlings or cultivars) that are otherwise available through private vendors.
Where can I buy seedlings or cultivars of the species recommended in agroforestry practices?
Grow Native - excellent information and buyers guide
For rootstock suppliers and growing information, visit the University of Nebraska Extension Forestry Program
Container-grown stock can be planted in early October or in late March. Starting a chestnut planting with seedlings offers the advantages of low initial costs and the opportunity to establish cultivars not readily available from commercial nurseries. Disadvantages of establishing a chestnut orchard with seedlings include delaying the onset of profits from nut production and adding the expense of grafting your own trees. For additional chestnut production information, see the Growing Chinese Chestnuts in Missouri guide on the Publications and Informational Materials page.
Retail chestnut seedling and cultivar suppliers:
Empire Chestnut Company
3276 Empire Rd SW
Carrollton, OH 44615
England's Orchard & Nursery
316 SR 2004
McKee, KY 40447
4975 Grand River Rd
Owosso, MI 48867
Nolin River Nut Tree Nursery
797 Port Wooden Rd.
Upton, KY 42784
Forrest Keeling Nursery
88 Keeling Lane
Elsberry, MO 63343
(800) 356-2401 or (573) 898-5571
(If you are located on the West Coast)
Burnt Ridge Nursery
432 Burnt Ridge Rd
Onalaska, WA 98570
Owl Creek Ranch
14637 Claribel Rd.
Waterford, CA 95386-9745
209-848-4816, fax. 209-847-1083
(If you are located in the southeastern USA)
Chestnut Hill Nursery
15105 NW 94th Ave.
Alachua, FL 32615
An extended list of suppliers world wide can be found at:
How far apart should the trees be in alley cropping?
Please refer to the alley cropping information in the Agroforestry 5-Practices DVD
How long does it take for Chinese chestnut trees to begin bearing commercial quantities of nuts?
"Iíve heard pine straw might be a good mulch for me to use in my spring landscaping ...
can you tell me more about it?"
Pine straw is currently available at Heckemeyer Farms, 206 College Rd., Sikeston, Mo. Phone: (573) 471-8198. Watch for Missouri pine straw at a retailer in your area soon. For more information about UMCA pine straw research, visit http://www.centerforagroforestry.org/profit/pine/pine.php
Will chestnuts grow in your area?
How do I tell the difference between a chestnut and a buckeye?
The easiest way to tell the difference between buckeye (also known as a horse chestnut) and chestnut is to look for chestnut burs. Botanically, there is no relation between these trees whatsoever. (Buckeye is in the Genus Aesculus while chestnut is in the Genus Castanea - related to oaks and beeches.) Chestnuts are found inside burs. The burs will be the size of a tennis ball and spiny like a porcupine. If you pick up a bur it will hurt, no question about it. You will often find three chestnuts per bur.
Buckeye (horse chestnut) are spiny but not like a porcupine, more like a golf ball with individual spines. Only one seed per pod. In addition, the leaves are different. Horse chestnut leaves are palmate - a few leaflets are attached to each petal. Chestnut leaves are borne singly along the stem. That said, if you are walking in the woods and find what you think is a chestnut, it is most likely a horse chestnut (buckeye). The American chestnut tree was nearly wiped out by a blight in the early 20th century and any chestnuts grown at present are planted in orchards. You should NOT roast and eat horse chestnuts.
How do I create an irrigation system for my chestnut orchard?
What are chestnut weevils and how do I keep them out of my chestnuts?
"My chestnuts are wormy!" is a common complaint from producers and consumers. The "worm" causing the problem is the larva of either the small chestnut weevil (Curculio sayi Gyllenhal) or the large chestnut weevil (Curculio caryatrypes Boheman). Both species are native to North America where they commonly infested American chestnuts before the chestnut blight epidemic. When the blight wiped out the American chestnut trees it also wiped out the chestnut weevils - almost. Now that chestnuts, mostly Chinese, have been widely planted the chestnut weevils have made a comeback. Many chestnut plantings in eastern North America are now plagued with these pests. The good news is that acceptable control is possible. The bad news is that without control, they can render the entire crop unmarketable. Please click here to find out more about chestnut weevils and how to keep them out of your chestnuts. For the chestnut weevil Pest Alert from MU Extension, go to http://extension.missouri.edu/publications/DisplayPub.aspx?P=PA100.
How do I construct a fence to keep deer out of my chestnut orchard?
Putting this type of fence around one acre runs about $1,992 (about $2.40/ft). (Of course costs go down per acre when more than one acre is considered.) Materials and costs are as follows:
24 - 7ft. steel fence posts @ $6/ post = $144
40 - 10ft. steel fence posts @ $12/ post = $480
24 - 5in. x 8ft. treated wood line and brace posts @ $12/ post = $288
12 - 8in. x 8ft. treated wood corner posts @ $24.75/ post = $300
2 1/2 - rolls of 12 1/2 gauge woven fence wire @ $180/roll = $450
1 - 16ft. steel tube gate = $150
5,000 ft. - 12 gauge tensile wire = $120
fastening hardware = $60
Total = $1,992, or about $2.40/ft.
Where can I buy Missouri-grown chestnuts?